Cochrane Smoking Cessation »

Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation - Stead.

We followed standard Cochrane methods. Smoking cessation was measured after at least six months, using the most rigorous definition available, on an intention‐to‐treat basis. We calculated risk ratios RRs and 95% confidence intervals CIs for smoking cessation for each study, where possible. Nov 14, 2012 · The aim of nicotine replacement therapy NRT is to temporarily replace much of the nicotine from cigarettes to reduce motivation to smoke and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, thus easing the transition from cigarette smoking to complete abstinence. stopping smoking with varenicline was higher than with bupropion 5 trials, 5877 people or with NRT 8 trials, 6264 people. Varenicline delivers one extra successful quitter for every 11 people treated, compared with smokers trying to quit without varenicline.

Aug 20, 2019 · Cochrane authors Jonathan Livingstone-Banks and Catherine Chamberlain look at the evidence on what can help women quit smoking in pregnancy. A blog on the evidence on what can help pregnant women quit smoking. According to a recent Cochrane review of smoking cessation in teenagers, the interventions with the strongest level of evidence to support them are individual counselling, motivational enhancement and cognitive behavioral therapy CBT. Focused interventions from physicians, nurses and other HCPs could have significant impact on smoking cessation rates. Smoking in pregnancy is a public health problem. When used by non‐pregnant smokers, pharmacotherapies nicotine replacement therapy NRT, bupropion and varenicline are effective for smoking cessation, however, their efficacy and safety in pregnancy remains unknown.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of motivational interviewing in promoting smoking cessation. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialized Register for studies with terms motivational OR motivation OR motivating OR motivate OR behavi OR motivat and interview OR session OR counsel OR practi in the title or abstract, or as keywords. Jul 01, 2018 · Evidence-Based Answer.Strength of Recommendation: A, based on consistent, good-quality patient-oriented evidence. If 11 out of 100 smokers are able to quit smoking with pharmacotherapy, adding individual behavioral counseling by a trained therapist might increase this number to as many as 16 out of 100 smokers. Smoking cessation is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking. Tobacco smoke contains nicotine, which is addictive and can cause dependence. Nicotine withdrawal often makes the process of quitting difficult. In the US, about 70% of smokers would like to quit smoking, and 50% report having made a quit attempt in the past year. Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Tobacco.

Jun 11, 2015 · Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Interventions.Two studies found evidence that NRT is of benefit. 33,40 For outpatient smokers with a past history of alcohol dependence, 21-mg nicotine patches significantly increased continuous abstinence at. There have been a large number of Cochrane reviews of smoking cessation interventions. As these are an important resource for the smoking cessation field, we have collected all the reviews covering pharmacological interventions and uploaded them so they can be viewed on our site. Types of interventions.The intervention could include advice, more intensive behavioural therapy, or smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, with or without continued contact after hospital discharge. The control intervention could be any less intensive intervention, such as brief advice to.

Strategies to promote smoking cessation among adolescents.

Jan 16, 2019 · How can laser therapy help when you quit smoking? ANSWER This works like acupuncture, but instead of needles, it uses low-level lasers that won’t hurt your skin. Evidence A Abstinence rates with web- or computer-based smoking cessation programs: there is good-quality evidence that web- or computer-based smoking cessation programs, either alone or combined with other interventions, have a significant effect on smoking cessation in adult smokers.

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