Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome With Mosaicism »

Androgen insensitivity syndrome AIS is caused by numerous mutations of the androgen receptor AR gene. The phenotype may range from partial AIS PAIS with ambiguous genitalia to complete AIS CAIS with female genitalia. Androgen insensitivity syndrome AIS; OMIM 300068 is the most frequent known monogenic cause of 46,XY disorders of sex development DSD and is an X-linked recessive condition. Mutations of variable severity in the AR gene are associated with a wide phenotypic spectrum, ranging from complete AIS CAIS to a partial form PAIS or a mild form. The phenotype of partial virilization could be explained by AR mutation in somatic mosaicism. 1 INTRODUCTION Androgen insensitivity syndrome AIS is a disorder of male sexual development caused by defect in the androgen receptor AR gene OMIM accession number: 313,700, NC_000023.11 Brown et al., 1988.

Mosaicism happens because sometimes cells divide incorrectly early in the life of an embryo. For instance a woman with Mosaic Turner Syndrome may have some cells that are XO typical Turner Syndrome karyotype and some cells that are XX typical female karyotype. However, partial pubertal virilization in patient 4 caused by increasing serum androgens and subsequent activation of the wild-type AR could not be excluded. We conclude that somatic mosaicism is.

Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome PAIS is a disease that occurs in children when their body can't respond the right way to the male sex hormones androgens. Testosterone is a male sex hormone. This disorder is a type of androgen insensitivity syndrome. Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome due to somatic mosaicism of the androgen receptor Vaginal bleeding and a giant ovarian cyst in an infant with 21-hydroxylase deficiency Insulin-mediated pseudoacromegaly: a report of two pediatric patients. There are 2 types of androgen insensitivity syndrome: complete and partial. Diagnosis: Several different phenotypes can occur in the androgen insensitivity syndrome, ranging from individuals with predominantly a female appearance to persons with ambiguous genitalia, or individuals with a predominantly male phenotype [7]. Partial Androgen Insensitivity. Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome PAIS is characterized by varying degrees of ambiguity of the external genitalia. The term Reifenstein syndrome formerly was used to describe partial androgen insensitivity with intermediate degrees of masculinization. Affected infants present with a small phallus and a ventral chordee that “tethers” the phallus to the perineum.

AIS is divided into three categories that are differentiated by the degree of genital masculinization: complete androgen insensitivity syndrome is indicated when the external genitalia are those of a typical female; mild androgen insensitivity syndrome is indicated when the external genitalia are those of a typical male, and partial androgen insensitivity syndrome is indicated when the external genitalia are. Androgen insensitivity syndrome Morris syndrome is a X-linked genetic condition that risults in the partial or complete inability of the cell to respond to androgens. the insensitivity to androgens is clinically significant only when it occurs in genetic males.

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